Guinea fowl farming in Ghana
Guinea fowl farming in Ghana is a very lucrative livestock business you can start with little capital.In fact, rearing guinea farming has more profit than chickens.
Guinea fowls are a breed of chickens commonly found in the northern part of Ghana. The value placed on the guinea fowl meat in the northern region cant be emphasized much in these articles,
The guinea fowl farms in the northern region are mostly small households who raised them to support their family and children.But its not done on a large scale.
But the demand and the profitability of guinea fowls in the big cities like Accra and Kumasi by hotels and restaurants have skyrocketed recently.
Therefore.its important I write and motivate the youth to start engaging in this sort of business on large scale or learn to start small and grow their business to a larger scale with time.
Guinea fowls(Numida meleagris) are chick-like birds with dark gray feathers and small white spots and little legs.
Guinea fowls can live as long as 10 years and 15 years but for more productivity, you must be replaced when they get old.
Do Guinea Fowls Get along with chickens?
Guinea fowls live well with chickens and do not cause harm to chicks.
The keets or small ones resemble quails but they have a long neck that differentiate them from quail.
They have beautiful feathers that can be used for ornamental purposes and have delicious meat which is mainly the reason their demand has pulpited in the currents years.
Guinea fowl have less fat as compared to chickens, turkey, and other domestic birds.
Guinea fowls have small shaped eggs with an average of 40 grams, their eggs are mostly tinted and very hard.
The incubation period of Guinea fowl
The incubation period of Guinea eggs is 28 days.
Guinea fowls lay quiet good amounts of eggs, moreover with improved feeding and supplementation guinea fowls will lay more eggs and reduced its rate of going far in searching for food.
Why you must rear Guinea Fowls( Benefit of Guinea Fowl Farming)
1.The number one reason you must start a guinea fowl farming in Ghana is that there are a ready market and demand for the meat.
2.Guinea fowls are more expensive than the exotic chickens( They attract premium prices Currently sold at Gh¢40-50 )
3.The Guinea fowls are less expensive to raise since they accept and eat many foods such as grains, ants, vegetables, and other green fruits
4.They are highly tolerant to many harsh environmental conditions.
5.Guinea fowls lay eggs throughout the years and can start laying at 4-5 months old. One guinea fowl can lay about 100-150 eggs per year.
6.Guinea fowls perform well under free-range and get some of their feed from insects, nuts, and seeds and soo feeding them is not expensive as feeding intensive chickens.
7.They are dual-purpose breeds, meaning you may sell their eggs or breed them for meat.
8.Guinea fowls like insects and most of their calcium needs are gotten from insects and with these characteristics breeding them for the control of insects in the locusts-prone areas will be beneficial.
9.They are security conscious and always alert. You can add them to your chicken farm if you doing free range to alert you and your chickens of predator attacks.
10.Guinea fowls are highly resistant to common chickens pest and disease.(highly resistant to disease)
5 Traits You Must Know About Guinea Fowls
Guinea fowl laying habits
1.These birds like to hide before laying their eggs. You only know by the usual sounds they make when laying their eggs. So check under bushes of palm and pineapple and other tall grasses.
2.They hate to be seen or disturbed when laying. the Guinea fowl will stop laying and find a safe and secret place to lay if disturbed during the act of laying.
3.To spot the laying place observe during the day where the hens go and start making her usual noise and the male may be around waiting or be on guard. So when you discover the egg just pick some and leave some for her. She will continue laying but don’t take all the eggs.
The best thing you can do for your guinea fowl is to make nesting places around the house where there may be darkness in the nest, probably she may lays in the nest.
4.They love to roost on tall tree branches, just cut their feather and provide a perches for them in their house when they are about to start developing high wings and feathers.
5.They are not good at taking care of their chicks(keets) so don’t allow them to set or brood on their eggs.
6.Adult male and female guinea fowl are the same sizes so they can’t be sexed like chickens are. The differences between male and female guinea
fowl can only be seen in fully grown birds (i.e. more than 8 months old)
Correct sex ratio
The recommended sex ratio for guinea fowl is 1:3( one male to three females) This will ensure that the maximum number of fertile eggs will be produced. If the male to female ratio is unbalanced the number of eggs produced will be unfertile.
Though unfertile eggs are good for eating and may cause no harm. These eggs cant be used to hatch.
Guinea fowl laying season
The Guinea fowl may start laying at age 26-36 weeks mostly from April to October during the rainy season and they lay eggs everyday if feed well.
How to Hatch Guinea eggs with Hen.
Guinea fowls are best hatched with local hens on small scale farms and households where there is no availability of incubator,
Give your chicken fresh guinea fowl eggs (less than one week old) to sit on. The maximum days to store eggs for incubation must be seven(7 days)
To Place, their eggs under chickens make sure the guinea eggs are placed a week before the chickens’ eggs are placed. Since their eggs have an incubation period of 28 days and chickens have 21 days.
Or you can hatch new keets from the incubator and take care of them in the brooder house.
Why not let the guinea fowl sit on their own eggs?
If you allow your guinea fowl to sit on their own eggs the following can happen:
- The guinea fowl will not lay eggs for the time she is sitting on the eggs (1 month) and she may not lay any more eggs during that breeding season. Guinea fowl egg
- production will be reduced.
- The guinea fowl may stop sitting on the eggs after one or two weeks and the eggs will not hatch out.
- The young chicks are likely to die because of a lack of care. Guinea fowl are not a good mother
How to take Care of Day Old Chicks(Keets)
Keets like chickens need good quality care and protection from extreme weather in the early stages of development.
Therefore, it is very important to maintain a brooder house for your keets until they developed feathers or at least for the first three weeks.
The chicken should be given food and water and left undisturbed with the keets for 24 hours. Keets do not need feeding for the first 24 hours after
Best ways to Feeding Guinea keets
For the first week, the keets should be fed twice daily with chicks mash or broiler starter with a higher concentration of protein approximate of 24-26% and or they can be feed with Turkey starter feed and other game bird starter feed.
provided with clean water in a small shallow container. If the water container is too
large and deep, keets will get wet and die or even drown in the water
The guinea keets must be kept in the brooder house for at least one month. From this period up to three months guinea keets can eat chicks starter or grower feed and other termites found around the locality.
Should Guinea fowls be on free-range?
Guinea fowls prefer to be on free range but little keets have no survival insint.
so when they reach 2 months old and are allowed on free-range, they should be given
chopped cabbage and other leafy greens once a week as a supplement to the commercial feed.
When they reach 3 months old, they can be fed “Growers Mash” only, with no
supplementary feeding required, once a day
Give them vitamins in their drinking water, it also improves the health of guinea fowls greatly.
Should i vaccinate Guinea fowls?
Guinea fowls raised among chickens should be vaccinated against new castle diseases every four months.
Guinea fowl farming is more profitable than quail farming in Ghana,so instead of farming quail, i will advise you to choose guinea fowl.